Krzysztof Matyjaszewski Awarded 2015 Dreyfus Prize
The Camille and Henry Dreyfus Foundation has announced that Krzysztof Matyjaszewski, the J. C. Warner University Professor of Natural Sciences at Carnegie Mellon University, has won the 2015 Dreyfus Prize in the Chemical Sciences, conferred this year in Making Molecules and Materials. The international prize, awarded biennially, consists of $250,000, a medal, and a citation. The award ceremony will be held at Carnegie Mellon University in the fall and will include a lecture by Matyjaszewski.
Matyjaszewski developed the process of atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP), which has proven to be the most important advance in polymer synthesis in half a century. Based on ATRP, he has developed processes for efficiently synthesizing complex structured polymers and co-polymers, as well as many other important new materials. In addition to developing applications of ATRP, he has led this new field in understanding mechanisms and developing new catalysts. For example, his development of new copper complexes, over one million times more active than the original, have allowed catalysts to be reduced to parts per million levels, and has made the ATRP process sufficiently environmentally friendly that Matyjaszewski was awarded the 2009 Presidential Green Chemistry Challenge Award.
In addition to these major advances in polymer chemistry, Matyjaszewski has also been effective at transferring the ATRP process to industry, with applications that include automotive coatings, adhesives, cosmetics, inkjet printing, smart and electronic materials, and many others, with an estimated commercial value exceeding $20 billion. "Kris Matyjaszewski's work has made free radical polymerization a precision tool for polymer scientists to make controlled macromolecular structures, and has opened new avenues for industry in the control of polymer architecture in practical manufacturing processes," stated Matthew Tirrell, Dean and Founding Pritzker Director of the Institute for Molecular Engineering at the University of Chicago and Board Member of the Dreyfus Foundation.
Henry C. Walter, President of the Dreyfus Foundation, said, "Krzysztof Matyjaszewski's work in polymer chemistry follows in the tradition of Camille and Henry Dreyfus, who were major innovators in their day in making polymer materials. We are proud to recognize his immense accomplishments with the Dreyfus Prize."
"I feel very honored and flattered to receive the Dreyfus Prize for making molecules and materials. This recognition addresses not only contributions of my students and collaborators but also all polymer chemists working in the area of controlled/living polymerization focused on the precise synthesis of small molecules and macromolecular materials with controlled architecture and functionality for targeted applications," said Matyjaszewski.
Born in Poland, Matyjaszewski received his doctorate from the Polish Academy of Sciences in 1976. He completed a postdoctoral fellowship at the University of Florida and worked as a research associate at the Polish Academy from 1978 to 1984. He came to Carnegie Mellon in 1985 and was appointed the J. C. Warner Professor of the Natural Sciences in 1998. He was named University Professor in 2004. Matyjaszewski also directs the Center for Macromolecular Engineering.
Matyjaszewski has received many honors including election to the US National Academy of Engineering, Fellow of the American Chemical Society, the Wolf Prize, the Marie Sklodowska-Curie Medal of the Polish Chemical Society, several ACS awards related to both Polymer Science and Engineering, the inaugural AkzoNobel North America Science award, Japanese Polymer Science and Materials Science awards, as well as other national and international honors.
For additional information: Mark Cardillo, The Camille and Henry Dreyfus Foundation, 212-753-1760, firstname.lastname@example.org
Stanford Lab Explores Fundamental Nature of Cancer Using Mass Spectrometry
Stanford University Chemistry Department’s Zarelab is pioneering an innovative and multidisciplinary approach to understanding more deeply the biochemical processes related to how cancer begins and progresses. By combining sophisticated analysis at the molecular level using transgenic animal models and cell samples, desorption electrospray ionization mass spectrometry imaging, and statistical modeling, it is producing new insights about the relationship between metabolic patterns and oncogene expression. In a research paper recently published .... read entire article: HERE.
2015 Dreyfus Prize Topic is Making Molecules and Materials
The Camille and Henry Dreyfus Foundation has selected Making Molecules and Materials as the topic of the 2015 Dreyfus Prize in the Chemical Sciences. The Dreyfus Prize, awarded biennially, recognizes an individual for exceptional and original research in a selected area of chemistry that has advanced the field in a major way. The prize consists of a monetary award of $250,000, a medal, and a citation.
"Making molecules and materials is at the core of chemistry," said Dr. Marye Anne Fox, chair of the Dreyfus Foundation Scientific Affairs Committee. "The syntheses of new organic, inorganic, and solid state matter with sought after or novel properties have greatly improved quality of life."
The deadline for nominations is March 2, 2015, with the prize recipient to be announced in May 2015. Additional information: HERE.
Dreyfus Prize Ceremony Honors Graham Cooks
Graham Cooks was awarded the 2013 Dreyfus Prize in the Chemical Sciences at Purdue University on September 24, 2013. Cooks’s talk, “Measuring Molecules: Grocery Stores, Doctors’ Offices, Crime Scenes, Operating Rooms, and Factory Floors,” included a live demonstration of the portable mass spectrometer that he developed (picture). A video of the entire Ceremony is available HERE.
Louis Brus Selected Advisor
Louis E. Brus, S. L. Mitchell Professor of Chemistry at Columbia University, has been selected to serve as an Advisor to the Foundation, with his term to begin in April 2014. Dr. Brus is a world-renowned chemist who is widely credited with pioneering the field of nanoscience with his research on semiconductor nanocrystals. He joins David Hansen of Claremont McKenna, Pitzer, and Scripps Colleges, Francois Morel of Princeton University, and JoAnne Stubbe of Massachusetts Institute of Technology as an Advisor.
R. Graham Cooks Wins 2013 Dreyfus Prize
Purdue chemist honored for advances in chemical instrumentation
The Camille and Henry Dreyfus Foundation has announced that R. Graham Cooks, the Henry Bohn Hass Distinguished Professor of Chemistry at Purdue University, is the recipient of the 2013 Dreyfus Prize in the Chemical Sciences. The international prize, awarded biennially, consists of $250,000, a citation, and a medal. The award ceremony will be held at Purdue University in the fall and will feature a lecture by Professor Cooks. A video of the entire Ceremony is available HERE.
Graham Cooks is recognized internationally as an innovative giant in the field of mass spectrometry who has enriched analytical chemistry in unparalleled ways. Virtually every pharmaceutical and biotechnology company relies on mass spectrometry at a level that has become possible, in part, through Cooks's innovations.
Mass spectrometry is the science of accurately determining the masses of molecules in a sample from which we can learn the elemental composition of each constituent molecule. Cooks advanced this analytical capability with the introduction of tandem mass spectrometry in which selected ions generated from complex mixtures are further fragmented and the masses of the fragment ions determined. By putting together these pieces of a jigsaw puzzle, a picture emerges of the molecular structure of the parent ion. Cooks has also made groundbreaking advances in ambient desorption/ionization in which ions from a sample at room-temperature in air are introduced into the mass spectrometer for analysis, removing many of the difficulties associated with sample preparation and volatilization in previous, complex mass spectrometric techniques.
In a remarkable accomplishment, Cooks and colleagues have recently created miniature mass spectrometers, enabling the remote deployment of these analytical instruments including under battery power. Mass spectrometers, once roughly as large as an automobile, are now reduced to the size of a shoebox, allowing their widespread use in clinics, homeland security, the military, and food safety. Cooks noted, "We are trying to take powerful and sophisticated instruments out of the lab and into the real environment where, for example, they could monitor fresh produce all along the supply chain, from production to the consumers. This technology has the capability of testing for bacteria in only a matter of minutes as opposed to hours or even days for standard laboratory tests."
Cooks described the Dreyfus Prize as a major career highlight. "I am particularly pleased that the Dreyfus Foundation chose chemical instrumentation as the topic of the prize," Cooks stated, "because it is an emphatic recognition of the importance of instrumentation in the chemical sciences."
Henry C. Walter, President of the Dreyfus Foundation, said, "Chemical instrumentation has shaped human life in a myriad of positive ways. Graham Cooks is a consummate innovator and it is a great pleasure to recognize him with the third Dreyfus Prize."
Richard N. Zare, the Marguerite Blake Wilbur Professor in Natural Science at Stanford University and a Board member of the Dreyfus Foundation, remarked, "Mass spectrometry has had an extraordinary impact on modern science, and Graham Cooks has changed the field in many important ways. He has developed critical new experimental instruments and methods and applied them to solve significant problems."
R. Graham Cooks received B.Sc. and Ph.D. degrees from the University of Natal, South Africa, and a second Ph.D. from Cambridge University. He has been at Purdue University since 1971. He is the recipient of many honors. These include the American Chemical Society awards in Chemical Instrumentation, Mass Spectrometry, Analytical Chemistry, and the F.A Cotton Award. He has been recognized internationally with both the Robert Boyle Medal and the Centennial Prize of the Royal Society of Chemistry.